booklet for parents
Fun ideas to help your child with mathematics
By the end of Year 2, most children should be able to…
Count to at least 100, and read and write numbers to 100. Given any six numbers up to 100, put them in order.
Count forwards and backwards in ones or tens from any two-digit number, e.g. twenty-six, thirty-six, forty-six…
Recognise odd and even numbers.
Add and subtract numbers under 20 in their heads.
Know pairs of ‘tens’ numbers that make 100, e.g. 30 + 70.
Double and halve small numbers, e.g. double 9 is 18, and half of 18 is 9.
Know by heart the 2, 5 and 10 times tables.
Find the total value of a handful of coins to £1.
Measure or weigh using metres, centimetres, kilograms or litres.
Use a ruler to draw and measure lines to the nearest centimetre.
Tell the time to the half and quarter hour.
Name and describe common 2-D and 3-D shapes.
Solve simple number problems, and explain how to work them out.
About the targets
These targets show some of the things your child should be able to do by the end of Year 2.
A target may be harder than it seems, e.g. a child who can count up to 100 may still have trouble saying which number comes after 47 or which number comes before 50.
Fun activities to do at home
You need a 1–6 dice.
♦ Take turns. Roll the dice. See how quickly you can say the number to add to the number on the dice to make 10, e.g
♦ If you are right, you score a point.
♦ The first to get 10 points wins.
You can extend this activity by making the two numbers add up to 20, or 50.
Speedy pairs to 10
Make a set of 12 cards showing the numbers 0 to 10, but with two 5s. If you wish, you could use playing cards.
♦ Shuffle the cards and give them to your child.
♦ Time how long it takes to find all the pairs to 10.
0 10 2 8 4 6
1 9 3 7 5 5
Repeat later in the week. See if your child can beat his / her time.
Guess my shape
♦ Think of a 2-D shape (triangle, circle, rectangle, square, pentagon or hexagon). Ask your child to ask questions to try and guess what it is.
♦ You can only answer Yes or No. For example, your child could ask: Does it have 3 sides? or: Are its sides straight?
♦ See if he can guess your shape using fewer than five questions.
♦ Now ask them to choose a shape so you can ask questions.
♦ Each person chooses a target number, e.g. 15.
♦ How many car numbers can you spot with 3 digits adding up to your target number, e.g. K456 XWL.
♦ So 4 + 5 + 6 = 15, bingo!
For this game you need a dice and some dried beans or buttons.
♦ Start with a pile of beans/buttons in the middle. Count them.
♦ Throw a dice. Say how many beans will be left if you subtract that number.
♦ Then take the beans away and check if you were right!
♦ Keep playing.
♦ The person to take the last bean wins!
Make a board like this or use a game board you already have. The numbers are arranged differently from usual, but the games will still work if you use a normal snakes and ladders board.
♦ Roll a dice twice. Add the two numbers.
♦ Move along that number of spaces. Before you move, you must work out what number you will land on.
♦ If you are wrong, you don't move!
♦ The first to the end of the board wins.
For a change, you could roll the dice and move backwards. Or you could roll the dice once, then move the number that goes with your dice number to make 10, e.g. throw a 3, move 7.
Draw four circles each on your piece of paper. Write four numbers between 3 and 18, one in each circle.
♦ Take turns to roll a dice three times and add the three numbers.
♦ If the total is one of the numbers in your circles then you may cross it out.
♦ The first to cross out all four circles wins.
After you have been shopping, choose 6 different items each costing less than £1. Make a price label for each one, e.g. 39p, 78p. Shuffle the labels.
Then ask your child to do one or more of these.
♦ Place the labels in order, starting with the lowest.
♦ Say which price is an odd number and which is an even number.
♦ Add 9p to each price in their head.
♦ Take 20p from each price in their head.
♦ Say which coins to use to pay exactly for each item.
♦ Choose any two of the items, and find their total cost.
♦ Work out the change from £1 for each item.
Choose 4 different lengths between 5 and 20 centimetres. Use a ruler marked in centimetres. Draw lines of each length.
You will need some kitchen scales that can weigh things in kilograms.
♦ Ask your child to find something that weighs close to 1 kilogram.
♦ Can he / she find something that weighs exactly 1 kilogram?
♦ Find some things that weigh about half a kilogram.
Out and about
During a week, look outside for ‘thirties’ numbers, such as 34 or 38, on house doors, number plates, bus stops, etc. How many can you spot? What is the biggest one you can find?
Next week, look for ‘fifties’ numbers, or ‘sixties’…
♦ Once a week, tip out the small change from a purse.
Count it up with your child.